Skip to main content

Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

See other formats


fighting in Libya, and that two thousand airmen and sailors should join
units in Great Britain. Thus the total of the Poles recruited in the Soviet
Union would amount to 123,000 men.
It had been agreed during the conversations between Sikorski and
Stalin that the hundreds of thousands of Polish civilians dispersed through-
out Russia should be concentrated in one area in the South, where they
could be under the care of the official Polish delegates.
On December 4th, Sikorski signed in Moscow, a * Declaration of
Friendship ' with Stalin. It was " to express the spirit of co-operation "
and the necessity for Poland and Soviet Russia to collaborate, not only
during the war, but also in the building of the post-war world.
The text of this Declaration was as follows :
" The Government of the U.S.S.R. and the Government of the Polish
Republic, moved in a spirit of friendly agreement and military co-operation5
declare :
" L German Hitlerite Imperialism is the most evil enemy of mankind.
It is impossible to make any compromise with it. Both Governments,
together with Great Britain and other Allies, and with the support of the
U.S.A., will continue the war until complete victory and the final destruction
of the German invaders.
" 2. In putting into operation the agreement signed in July, 1941, both
Governments will lend each other full military aid during the war. The
forces of the Polish Government in the U.S.S.R. will conduct the fight
against the German bandits shoulder to shoulder with the Soviet forces.
" In peace-time the relations between the two states will be based on the
principles of good neighbourly collaboration, friendship, and the honest«
mutual observance of obligations agreed by both sides.
" 3. After the victorious termination of the war and the adequate
punishment of the German criminals, it will be the task of the Allied States
to guarantee a just and lasting peace.
" This can only be achieved by a new organisation of international relations
based on the unity and enduring alliance of the democratic countries.
" In the creation of such an organisation, a vital condition will be respect
for international law, supported by the collective armed forces of all Allied
countries. Only under such conditions can the Europe destroyed by
German barbarians be resurrected and a guarantee given that the catastrophe
now occuring in Europe will not be repeated."
In his broadcast on December 4th, regarding the * Declaration of
Friendship * Sikorski suggested that:
" The Soviet Union understood that a strong Poland is an indispensable
factor in a stable European equilibrium. This brotherhood in arms, which
appears for the first time in history, will be of decisive significance for the
future of both States and peoples as a basis of relations which3 unlike those
of past, are friendly. Both sides are ready to forget all that divided them in
the past. We believe that the Soviet people will not forget that we stood by
their side during their most difficult hour and that they will realise what a
strong and friendly Poland, facing Germany, means to them. Mutual
goodwill and mutual respect for national peculiarities and state sovereignty—
these are the only conditions which make such relations between us possible."
43